What is Biblical Hebrew?
Biblical Hebrew consists of the Aramaic square script which was chosen as the official script for the Torah scrolls in the 5th century B.C. The Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) were written during a transitional period where both the older Phoenician or Proto/Paleo-Hebrew script is used with Aramaic square script. Ultimately, the Aramaic square script is what was chosen by religious Jewish authorities to preserve the writings of The Law of Moses, Prophets, and the Writings (Wisdom literature). This is known by an acronym within the Rabbinic community as: "T-N-K" (Tanakh). Christians normally reference the Hebrew Scriptures as the Old Testament.
Between 700-1000 A.D. the Masoretes devised the vowel notation system for Biblical Hebrew that is still widely used currently by universities, seminaries, Yeshivas, language coaches, and tutors.
Why learn Biblical Hebrew?
- To be able to read from the Masoretic textual tradition
- Being able to read the textual apparatus of the Masoretic textual tradition
- With advanced studies, being able to read pointless texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls, etc.
- Comparing both Rabbinic and Christian / Messianic English translations of the Hebrew Scriptures
- The Hebrew Scriptures are the foundation of God's revealed Word to Israel and all nations
- Jesus upholds hows The Law of Moses, the Prophets, and the Writings all wrote about him (Luke 24:44, John 5:44-47), and also by merism (Matt. 23:35)
- Paul, referring to the Hebrew Scriptures, says the Jews preserved the prophetic oracles of God (Ro. 3:2), which are "God-Breathed" (2 Tim. 3:16)
- Peter said that the Hebrew Scriptures were given of "The Spirit of Christ" speaking through the Hebrew prophets (1 Pet. 1:10-12), were not written by the will of men's private interpretation, but holy men carried along by The Holy Spirit (2 Pet. 1:20-21)
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